Adopted Children and the Pupil Premium

All children who have been adopted or placed under special guardianship are now eligible for the Pupil Premium (Pupil Premium Plus) worth £1900.00. In order for schools to receive this funding, children need to be recorded as eligible by the next Census date which is Thursday 21st January 2016. If your child is eligible could you please contact the Assistant Headteacher Ms Kerry Lindop as soon as possible to let us know on 0151 288 1000. Please be assured that this information will be held in the strictest confidence.

Important dates

The autumn 2015 to summer 2016 deadlines for us to submit information to the Department for Education are:

  • Autumn 2014 census dates: Thursday 1 October 2015
  • Spring 2015 census dates: Thursday 21 January 2016
  • Summer 2015 census dates: Thursday 19 May 2016


What is the Pupil Premium Plus?

Pupil Premium Plus is higher rate funding given to schools in England to tackle disadvantage and close the attainment gap between eligible pupils and their peers.

What are the eligibility criteria?

From academic year 2015/16, state maintained schools (funded by the local education authority) and non-maintained special schools (not funded by the local education authority) will attract the Pupil Premium for children:

  • that were adopted from care in England (including those adopted before December 2005);
  • that left care under a Special Guardianship Order (under the Children Act 1989);
  • that left care under a Residential Order (under the Children Act 1989);
  • are in Reception to Year 11;

Why are children adopted from care and those who leave care under a Special Guardianship or Residential Order eligible for Pupil Premium?

All adopted children have experienced loss and many experienced trauma in their early lives. 70 per cent of those adopted in 2009-10 entered care due to abuse or neglect. Adoption offers bright futures for children from care, but it does not erase their past.

80 per cent of adopters in our research said their child needs more support than their peers and nearly two thirds of parents (59 per cent) said their child is always trying to catch up in school and make up for their early life experiences.

Adopted children’s early experiences can have a lasting impact, particularly at school. Therefore teachers and schools have a vital role to play in helping these children emotionally, socially and educationally by providing specific support to raise their attainment and address their wider needs.

How will children adopted from care and post-LAC access the pupil premium?

Funding is paid directly to schools for schools to use. Parents and guardians need to self-declare their child’s status to the school where their child is on roll.

Parents and guardians are required to provide evidence to the school, for example their Adoption Order or a letter from the local authority that originally looked after the child.

The school will use this evidence to record the child’s status on the school census. Once schools have declared a child’s eligibility on the school census, they can access Pupil Premium funding.

When is the self-declaration deadline?

In order for schools to receive funding children need to be recorded as eligible on the school census.

The next school census deadline is January 2016.

Schools will not necessarily be aware that they have adopted children and post-LAC on roll. We therefore encourage parents and guardians to present their child’s information, rather than rely on the school to approach them.

How much funding will school receive?

The Pupil Premium is £1900 per eligible child, per year.

How is funding paid?

Funding is paid directly to schools

Is the funding ring-fenced for each child?

Funding is not ring-fenced and schools can pool Pupil Premium money for numerous children to pay for collective support to gain maximum impact from the funding, however the college aims to ensure that Post Care pupils and Looked After Children benefit from the full amount of funding and this spending is negotiated with teachers, patents and carers on an individual basis.

Schools are inspected by Ofsted on their effective use of Pupil Premium funding.

The Pupil Premium is additional money for schools to improve the educational and personal outcomes of disadvantaged pupils including those who have been adopted from care. It is not intended that the additional funding should be used to back-fill the general school budget not that the funding should be used to support other groups of pupils.

What provision is there for pupils who are currently in care?

Pupil Premium Plus is available to support and promote the education of children and young people in care.  Pupil Premium Plus can provide each looked after child (LAC) of school age with £1,900 to support their education. However, some children may get more, some less, depending on an assessment of their individual needs.  Children and young people will be eligible as soon as they enter care.

Pupil Premium Plus must be used to improve outcomes and raise attainment. The Virtual School Head Teacher for each authority is responsible for making sure there are effective arrangements in place for allocating Pupil Premium Plus funding to benefit children looked after, wherever they are placed.

How the grant is to be used must be clearly identified in each young person’s Personal Education Plan [PEP] in consultation with the designated teacher and the social worker, plus contributions from the carer and other relevant professionals.

PEPs are monitored even more closely by designated teachers, the Virtual School Head Teacher, social workers and Independent Reviewing Officers.

Why may the amount of Pupil Premium Plus vary?

The needs of children and young people in care can vary at different times. For some £1900 may only be a fraction of the cost for the support they need. Those who may require more could include:

  • Children who come into care in an emergency with a fragmented home and education history and who are behind academically
  • Children who have to move into or out of Liverpool  in an emergency
  • Children where there is a significant and often delayed reaction to abuse and neglect, which manifests in hard to anticipate behaviours

In response to this wide range of need there may well be a significant difference in the amount of Pupil Premium Plus distributed to individual children.

Pupil Premium Plus and Personal Education Plans

The Pupil Premium Plus will only be provided to meet the needs identified in a high quality plan in the PEP with clear educational and other measurable targets for improvement.

The Pupil Premium Plus will be used to improve outcomes for children in the following areas:

  • Raising levels of achievement and progress
  • Supporting achievement in an area where a child is gifted and talented
  • Improving attendance
  • Supporting emotional wellbeing
  • Promoting inclusion [by reducing internal and external exclusion]
  • Developing social skills
  • Supporting a smooth transition into the next key stage or new place of learning

The PEP action plan will show the baseline data, target for improvement, expected outcomes and cost of support.

National research has shown that one to one tuition has a disproportionately positive impact for children in care. Providing this will be a priority in the first instance.